part of the book deal with the interpretation of the past in different kinds of media during the course of time. This can be clearly seen in the article by Alexander von plato, who is concerned with the reasons for the rivalry between victims of the Nazi regime and of the Soviet occupation in East and West Germany. The individual authors' contributions to this volume are all of a consistently high quality often unusual for publications of conference proceedings. Halbwachs stated that collective memory is shaped by present issues and understandings. The object of this volume is to illustrate the different sides of the "complex processes in which individual and collective memory constitute each other" (p.23). Bodnar states that public memory is not an accurate representation of the past, but is focused upon the needs of both the present and the anticipated future.
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The individual essays, which in general can stand for themselves, mostly derive from larger studies which have already been published or which are currently in progress. A sanctified site is a public place that is reserved for the memory of a specific person or group of people; there is typically a durable marker that has been officially ordained during some form of dedication ceremony. Without the past there can be no identity, no responsibility, no orientation. This could also be called the "transmission" of history. Why do some historical events become part of the collective memory whereas others do not? These sites are unveiled, rather than dedicated (p.18). . This phenomenon is an example of collective memory, a term used to describe the shared memories of a group which can be as small as a family or a class of students and discipline essay in hindi as large as a nation. Across the country, individuals left spontaneous groups and needed a totemic object to maintain the sense of solidarity and unity. Danyel, Jürgen (Ed.) (1995). Mai als politische Gedenktag in Deutschland. Zur Konfliktlogik eines Streitthemas.