psychology as mental activity-those processes such as memory, perception, feeling, imagination, judgment, and will." (Schultz, 2004, p199) He also stated that the "function of mental activity is to acquire, fixate, retain, organize, and evaluate experiences and to use these. That is, it seeks to understand grammar and syntax by understanding how people actually use language. Even though scholars directly involved in the discourse were themselves not able to able to clearly differentiate between structuralism, functionalism and the various combinations of the two terms, retrospectively, two lines have been drawn. Structuralism in psychology refers to a theory of consciousness. In my opinion both of the theories structuralism and functionalism involved the study of the human mind and how it works and they were both concerned with the mind at the conscious level. With his widely comparative approach, Levi-Strauss tries to approach his system of all possible permutations and indeed finds examples for various patterns in which he observes the relationships between four pairs: husband and wife, nephew and uncle, father and son as well as brother and. Functionalism appeared as a reaction to structuralism, which was not accepted in America. In this paper, two of the earliest school of thoughts will be discussed.
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The structural psychology was first described by Tichener, a student of Wilhelm Wundt. With its practical approach, functionalism laid the groundwork for behaviorism, a theory that was very focused on objective measures of human behavior and on seeing the function rather than the structure of the human mind (Schultz Schultz, 2011). Bronislaw Malinowski subscribed to functionalism, but made it a point that his was different from that of Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Browns theory of functionalism. So is the basis of the argument in a number of empirical case studies. For LS, an analysis of terms and phenomena in their respective context potentially exhausting all potential forms of combinations is necessary. The schools of thought are biopsychology, cross-cultural psychology, structuralism and functionalism. Malinowski, on the other hand, believed that humanitys basic biological needs created and built culture and.
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