context, and it should seek to offer a robust and holistic critique by incorporating insights from all social sciences. Aufhebung, Horkheimer maintains the negative dialectic, such that there is no utopian, teleological end-point. As a theory, its primary criterion is harmony: all of the constituent parts form a coherent whole, free of contradiction. This doctrine must, therefore, divide society into two parts, one of which is superior to society. Traditional theory is a theory of the status quo, in that it is designed to increase the productivity and functioning of the world as it presently exists. Key Texts, texts associated with the Frankfurt School focused omnivore thesis their critique on the centralization of economic, social, and political control that was transpiring around them. Critical theory is a social theory oriented toward critiquing and changing society as a whole, in contrast to traditional theory oriented only to understanding or explaining. .
Phd thesis defense fail, The thesis of an argumentation-persuasion essay should be,
The mods gave me the go-ahead to start a thread to compile a reading list for /r/criticaltheory the way /r/philosophy has. Viii, all social life is essentially practical. This subject is necessarily historical; in contrast to Kant and Descartes, Horkheimer stresses the social context of the reasoning subject, such that the subject should seek to align his thought with a critical, promotive factor in the development of the masses (214). . X, the standpoint of the old materialism is civil society; the standpoint of the new is human society, or social humanity. Following from his emphasis on individual reasoning and rejection of abstract categories, the subject of critical theory is necessarily a definite individual in his real relation to other individuals and groups, in his conflict with a particular class, and, finally in the resultant web. III, the materialist doctrine concerning the changing of circumstances and upbringing forgets that circumstances are changed by men and that it is essential to educate the educator himself. Feuerbach starts out from the fact of religious self-alienation, of the duplication of the world into a religious world and a secular one. As such, the job of the theorist is to formulate a critique both against defenders of the status quo and the distracting, conformist, or utopian tendencies within his own household (216). Lukacs - History and Class Consciousness. The latter must, therefore, in itself be both understood in its contradiction and revolutionized in practice.