an existing literature or literatures relevant to psychology. Gopnick and Wellman (1992). Harris et al (1991). Developing a tractable and coherent research topic is part of the process of conducting research. Charles Darwin first proposed the theory of evolution after spending time on the Galapagos Islands. Essay about Theory of Mind. Wellman (2002) however disagreed with Piaget and ONeil and Gopniks results, claiming children as young as three can distinguish between real and pretend actions. Evolution is the procedure which modern organisms have descended from the earliest ancestors. Premack Woodruff (1978) originally defined theory of mind as being the tendency to make attributions about behaviour based on acquired knowledge of mental states, such as belief, desire and intention. It was suggested that those who do not posses TOM were the victims of autism. False belief is a childs ability to separate their beliefs from those of another person who has false knowledge of a situation. It has been argued that the ability to demonstrate theory of mind is related to the development of executive functions such as working memory, attention and self control, (Flynn et al, 2004, Hala et al, 2003).
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But if TOM is innate and not learned, this reveals a peek into the social structure of mankind. Hala et al (2003). Premack and Woodriff (1978). The presence of an agent had nothing to do with the task, however, it affected the reaction time of participants. Lewis and Mitche; (1994). False belief tasks : Adults. These authors attempts to investigate whether chimpanzees construe others as wanting or intending things are now generally seen as inconclusive, but they laid the foundations for what is now a large and influential area of research. This may include certain rules expressed in behavioral terms, rather than appealing to the mind, essay about tibetan culture as ToM specifically does; there is a folklore, for example, about how men and women might typically act differently in certain situations. If TOM is innate, it hould be as automatic as our response to our physical environment. The participants found the ball quickly when both they and the agent believed it to be behind the occluder. Darwins finches are an example of the way the species genetic traits have adapted for long term survival via their young.
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