11th century Nath yogis Gorakshanath and Charpatnah which are primarily spiritual and mystical in tone. Women writers such as Ajit Cour and Daleep Kaur Tiwana have questioned cultural patriarchy and the subordination of women in their work. The Gurmukhi script was first used to record the Sikh scriptures, the Adi Granth, in 1604. The qissa of Heer Ranjha by Waris Shah (1706-1798) is among the most popular of Punjabi qisse. The style of dance follows the festive mobile voting system thesis movements of the farmers who became prosperous during the rainy seasons and has expressive and joyful elements. The first Punjabi printing press (using Gurmukhi font) was established through a Christian mission at Ludhiana in the year 1835, and the first Punjabi dictionary was published by Reverend. The dance occurs during ceremonious celebrations such as Indian weddings, receptions, cultural seasons, and other festive events. Modern Punjabi literature began when the Christian mission at Ludhiana set up the first printing press in Punjab.
The Urdu script, written from right to left, is used for writing Punjabi in Pakistan, where it is nowadays often given the imitative name Shahmukhi. Prem Sumarg, said to have been written by Guru Gobind Singh, Paras Bhag by Addan Shah and Gian Ratnavali by Bhai Mani Singh are some important prose works. Sant Singh Sekhon, Kartar Singh Duggal, and Balwant Gargi have written plays. Scripts, in India, Punjabi is written in the distinctive. Punjabi is thus today one of the very few languages in the world to be written in two quite different and mutually unintelligible scripts. In the early 21st century there were about 30 million speakers of Punjabi. Nanak himself composed Punjabi verse incorporating vocabulary from Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, and other Indie languages as characteristic of the Gurbani tradition. Literary Punjabi emerged only in the 15th century from the time of Guru Nanak to the time of Guru Gobind Singh; a remarkable amount of religious and mystic poetry of high quality was produced, most which is to be found in the Adi Granth.
Family therapy research essays
The rise of big business essay
Critical analysis essay on oedipus the king
Cornell do androids dream of electric sheep essay